Uzbekiston Respublikasy (Republic of Uzbekistan)
Reference work entry


  • Capital: Tashkent

  • Population estimate, 2015: 29.89 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 5,567

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.675/114

  • Internet domain extension: .uz

Civil Aviation

The main international airport is in Tashkent (Vostochny). The national carrier is the state-owned Uzbekistan Airways. In 2012 scheduled airline traffic of Uzbekistan-based carriers flew 44.0 m. km; passenger-km totalled 6.3 bn. in the same year. In 2009 Tashkent handled 1,940,985 passengers and 35,791 tonnes of freight.


The summers are warm to hot but the heat is made more bearable by the low humidity. The winters are cold but generally dry and sunny. Tashkent, Jan. −1 °C, July 25 °C. Annual rainfall 14.8″ (375 mm).

Constitution and Government

A new constitution was adopted on 8 Dec. 1992 stating that Uzbekistan is a pluralist democracy. The constitution restricts the president to standing for two 5 year terms. In Jan. 2002 a referendum was held at which 91% of the electorate voted in favour of...

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Limited 2019

Personalised recommendations