United Arab Emirates

Imarat al-Arabiya al-Muttahida
Reference work entry


  • Capital: Abu Dhabi

  • Population estimate, 2015: 9.16 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 60,868

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.835/41

  • Internet domain extension: .ae

Civil Aviation

Dubai is the busiest airport, handling 66,431,533 passengers and 2,435,567 tonnes of freight in 2013 (up from 37,441,440 passengers and 1,824,992 tonnes of freight in 2008). Dubai was the seventh busiest airport in the world overall and the second busiest for international passenger traffic in 2013. However, in 2014 it overtook London Heathrow as the world’s busiest airport for international traffic. As recently as 2006 it did not even rank among the 30 busiest airports in the world. Dubai set up its own airline, Emirates, in 1985. In 2013–14 it flew 215,353 m. international scheduled passenger-km, the most of any airline; it carried 44.5 m. passengers in 2013–14. Etihad Airways, the national airline of the United Arab Emirates, began operations in Nov. 2003.


The country experiences desert conditions,...

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