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Tunisia

Jumhuriya at-Tunisiya (Republic of Tunisia)
Reference work entry

Factsheet

  • Capital: Tunis

  • Population estimate, 2015: 11.25 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 10,404

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.721/96

  • Internet domain extension: .tn

Civil Aviation

The national carrier, Tunisair, is 64.9% state-owned and in 2013 carried 3,710,000 passengers. There are eight international airports. In 2012 Tunis-Carthage handled 5,249,411 passengers (4,903,506 on international flights) and 16,666 tonnes of freight. Enfidha-Hammamet, which opened in 2009, handled 2,087,122 passengers in 2012 and Djerba 1,969,043.

Climate

The climate ranges from warm temperate in the north, where winters are mild and wet and the summers hot and dry, to desert in the south. Tunis, Jan. 48 °F (8.9 °C), July 78 °F (25.6 °C). Annual rainfall 16″ (400 mm). Bizerta, Jan. 52 °F (11.1 °C), July 77 °F (25 °C). Annual rainfall 25″ (622 mm). Sfax, Jan. 52 °F (11.1 °C), July 78 °F (25.6 °C). Annual rainfall 8″ (196 mm).

Constitution and Government

Following the revolution of Jan. 2011 and the ousting of...

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Limited 2019

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