Prathet Thai (Kingdom of Thailand)
Reference work entry


  • Capital: Bangkok

  • Population estimate, 2015: 67.96 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 13,323

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.726/93

  • Internet domain extension: .th

Civil Aviation

There are international airports at Bangkok (Suvarnabhumi), Chiang Mai, Phuket and Hat Yai. The national carrier, Thai Airways International, is 51.03% state-owned. In 2005 scheduled airline traffic of Thai-based carriers flew 213.8 m. km, carrying 21,507,900 passengers. Suvarnabhumi, which only opened in 2006, handled 53,002,328 passengers in 2012 (39,358,339 on international flights) and 1,345,490 tonnes of freight.


The climate is tropical, with high temperatures and humidity. Over most of the country, three seasons may be recognized. The rainy season is June to Oct., the cool season from Nov. to Feb. and the hot season is March to May. Rainfall is generally heaviest in the south and lightest in the northeast. Bangkok, Jan. 78 °F (25.6 °C), July 83 °F (28.3 °C). Annual rainfall 56″ (1,400 mm).


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