Schweizerische Eidtgenossenschaft—Confédération Suisse—Confederazione Svizzera (Swiss Confederation)
Reference work entry


  • Capital: Berne

  • Population estimate, 2015: 8.30 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 56,431

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.930/3

  • Internet domain extension: .ch

Civil Aviation

Switzerland owns seven airports with international scheduled and charter traffic: Basle (the binational Euroairport, which also serves Mulhouse in France), Berne (Belp), Geneva (Cointrin), Lugano (Agno), Sion, St Gallen (Altenrhein) and Zürich (Kloten). In 2013 these airports handled 45,501,533 passengers and 403,250 tonnes of freight and mail. Swissair, the former national carrier, faced collapse and grounded flights in Oct. 2001. In April 2002 a successor airline, Swiss International Air Lines (Swiss), took over as the national carrier. Services were also provided in 2013 by over 80 foreign airlines. Zürich is the busiest airport, handling 24,853,679 passengers in 2013 and 327,055 tonnes of freight. Geneva handled 14,328,107 passengers and 36,276 tonnes of freight in 2013. Together these two airports accounted for...

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