Konungariket Sverige (Kingdom of Sweden)
Reference work entry


  • Capital: Stockholm

  • Population estimate, 2015: 9.78 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 45,636

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.907/14=

  • Internet domain extension: .se

Civil Aviation

The main international airports are at Stockholm (Arlanda), Gothenburg (Landvetter), Stockholm (Skavsta) and Malmö (Sturup). The principal carrier is Scandinavian Airlines System (SAS), which resulted from the 1950 merger of the three former Scandinavian airlines. In 2008 Stockholm (Arlanda) handled 18,136,165 passengers (13,281,466 on international flights) and 187,000 tonnes of freight. Gothenburg (Landvetter) was the second busiest airport, handling 4,303,722 passengers (3,158,822 on international flights) and 100,000 tonnes of freight. Malmö handled 1,882,428 passengers in 2006 (1,181,970 on domestic flights).


The north has severe winters, with snow lying for 4–7 months. Summers are fine but cool, with long daylight hours. Further south, winters are less cold, summers are warm and rainfall well...

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© Springer Nature Limited 2019

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