Umbuso weSwatini (Kingdom of Swaziland)
Reference work entry


  • Capitals: Mbabane (Administrative), Lobamba (Legislative)

  • Population estimate, 2015: 1.29 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 5,542

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.531/150

  • Internet domain extension: .sz

Civil Aviation

There is an international airport at Manzini (Matsapha). A new airport, King Mswati III International Airport—also at Manzini—was inaugurated in March 2014 and received its first flights in Oct. 2014. The national carrier is Swaziland Airlink, which had direct flights from Manzini to Johannesburg in 2012. The unrelated Airlink also operated on the same route in 2012.


A temperate climate with two seasons. Nov. to March is the wet season, when temperatures range from mild to hot, with frequent thunderstorms. The cool, dry season from May to Sept. is characterized by clear, bright sunny days. Mbabane, Jan. 68 °F (20 °C), July 54 °F (12.2 °C). Annual rainfall 56″ (1402 mm).

Constitution and Government

The reigning King is Mswati III(b. 1968; crowned 25 April 1986),...

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