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Suriname

Republiek Suriname (Republic of Suriname)
Reference work entry

Factsheet

  • Capital: Paramaribo

  • Population estimate, 2015: 543,000

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 15,617

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.714/103

  • Internet domain extension: .sr

Civil Aviation

There are two international airports. The larger airport (Johan Adolf Pengel) is 45 km south of Paramaribo while the smaller Zog en Hoop is 5 km west of Paramaribo. The national carrier is Surinam Airways, which in 2010 had flights to Amsterdam, Aruba, Curaçao, Miami and Port of Spain. In 2012 scheduled airline traffic of Suriname-based carriers flew 1.9 m. km; passenger-km totalled 1.3 bn. in the same year.

Climate

The climate is equatorial, with uniformly high temperatures and rainfall. The temperature is an average of 27 °C throughout the year; there are two rainy seasons (May–July and Nov.–Jan.) and two dry seasons (Aug.–Oct. and Feb.–April). Paramaribo, Jan. 21 °C, July 32.4 °C. Average rainfall 182.3 mm.

Constitution and Government

The current constitution was ratified on 30 Sept. 1987. Parliament is a...

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Limited 2019

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