Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka Prajathanthrika Samajavadi Janarajaya (Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka)
Reference work entry


  • Capitals: Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte (Administrative and Legislative), Colombo (Commercial)

  • Population estimate, 2015: 20.72 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 9,779

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.757/73

  • Internet domain extension: .lk

Civil Aviation

There is an international airport at Colombo (Bandaranaike). The national carrier is SriLankan Airlines, which has been part-owned and managed by Emirates since 1998. Mihin Lanka, a low-cost airline fully owned and funded by the government, was launched in 2007. In 2006 SriLankan Airlines carried 2,900,068 passengers (all on international flights). Colombo handled 4,740,187 passengers and 169,038 tonnes of freight in 2006.


Sri Lanka, which has an equatorial climate, is affected by the North-east Monsoon (Dec. to Feb.), the South-west Monsoon (May to July) and two inter-monsoons (March to April and Aug. to Nov.). Rainfall is heaviest in the southwest highlands while the northwest and southeast are relatively dry. Colombo, Jan. 79.9 °F...

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