Jamhuuriyadda Federaalka Soomaaliya (Federal Republic of Somalia)
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  • Capital: Mogadishu

  • Population estimate, 2015: 10.79 m.

  • GDP per capita, 2014: US$131

  • Internet domain extension: .so

Civil Aviation

There are international airports at Mogadishu and Hargeisa. In 2010 there were flights to Aden, Djibouti, Dubai, Jeddah, Nairobi, Sharjah and Wajir in addition to internal services.


Much of the country is arid, although rainfall is more adequate towards the south. Temperatures are very high on the northern coasts. Mogadishu, Jan. 79 °F (26.1 °C), July 78 °F (25.6 °C). Annual rainfall 17″ (429 mm). Berbera, Jan. 76 °F (24.4 °C), July 97 °F (36.1 °C). Annual rainfall 2″ (51 mm).

Constitution and Government

A new constitution was promulgated on 1 Aug. 2012 after over 20 years of non-functioning government. It replaced the constitution of 1979 that itself had lost authority after the ousting of President Siyad Barre in 1991. The 2012 constitution was adopted by the National Constitutional Assembly with 96% backing from the 645 community leaders...

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