Solomon Islands

Reference work entry


  • Capital: Honiara

  • Population estimate, 2015: 584,000

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 1,540

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.506/156=

  • Internet domain extension: .sb

Civil Aviation

A new terminal has been opened at Henderson International Airport in Honiara. The national carrier is Solomon Airlines. In 2006 scheduled airline traffic of Solomon Islands-based carriers flew 3 m. km, carrying 101,000 passengers (32,000 on international flights).


An equatorial climate with only small seasonal variations. Southeast winds cause cooler conditions from April to Nov., but northwest winds for the rest of the year bring higher temperatures and greater rainfall, with annual totals ranging between 80″ (2,000 mm) and 120″ (3,000 mm).

Constitution and Government

The Solomon Islands are a constitutional monarchy with the British Sovereign (represented locally by a Governor-General, who must be a Solomon Island citizen) as Head of State. Legislative power is vested in the single-chamber National...

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© Springer Nature Limited 2019

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