Republika Srbija (Republic of Serbia)
Reference work entry


  • Capital: Belgrade

  • Population estimate, 2015: 8.85 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 12,190

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.771/66

  • Internet domain extension: .rs

Civil Aviation

The national airline (and the former national carrier of Yugoslavia) is Air Serbia, known as Jat Airways until Oct. 2013. In Jan. 2010 it flew to 30 destinations in 23 countries. The main airport is Belgrade Nikola Tesla Airport, which handled 2,386,402 passengers and 7,690 tonnes of cargo in 2009.


Most parts have a central European type of climate, with cold winters and hot summers. Belgrade, Jan. 1.4 °C, July 23.0 °C. Annual rainfall 687 mm.

Constitution and Government

A new constitution was approved in a referendum held on 28–29 Oct. 2006, with 53.0% of the electorate (and 96.6% of those voting) supporting the proposed constitution. It declares the province of Kosovo and Metohija an integral part of Serbia and grants Vojvodina financial autonomy. Kosovo Albanians were not able to vote. Turnout was...

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Limited 2019

Personalised recommendations