République du Sénégal (Republic of Senegal)
Reference work entry


  • Capital: Dakar

  • Population estimate, 2015: 15.13 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 2,188

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.466/170

  • Internet domain extension: .sn

Civil Aviation

The international airport is at Dakar/Yoff (Léopold Sédar Senghor), which handled 1,882,242 passengers and 21,816 tonnes of freight in 2008. Air Sénégal International was 49% state-owned and 51% owned by Royal Air Maroc (RAM). Sénégal Airlines was launched as a replacement national carrier in Oct. 2009 although it is 64% privately-controlled. Flights, initially only within Africa, commenced in Jan. 2011.


A tropical climate with wet and dry seasons. The rains fall almost exclusively in the hot season, from June to Oct., with high humidity. Dakar, Jan. 72 °F (22.2 °C), July 82 °F (27.8 °C). Annual rainfall 22″ (541 mm).

Constitution and Government

A new constitution was approved by a referendum held on 7 Jan. 2001. The head of state is the President, elected by universal suffrage for not more than two 5-year...

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