São Tomé and Príncipe

República Democrática de São Tomé e Príncipe (Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe)
Reference work entry
  • Capital: São Tomé

  • Population estimate, 2015: 190,000

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 2,918

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.555/143=

  • Internet domain extension: .st

Civil Aviation

São Tomé airport had flights in 2010 to Cape Verde, Libreville, Lisbon, Luanda and Port-Gentil. In 2007 São Tomé handled 50,625 passengers. There is a light aircraft service to Príncipe.


The tropical climate is modified by altitude and the effect of the cool Benguela current. The wet season is generally from Oct. to May, but rainfall varies considerably, from 40″ (1,000 mm) in the hot and humid northeast to 150–200″ (3,800–5,000 mm) on the plateau. São Tomé, Jan. 79 °F (26.1 °C), July 75 °F (23.9 °C). Annual rainfall 38″ (951 mm).

Constitution and Government

The 1990 constitution was approved by 72% of votes at a referendum of March 1990 and became effective in Sept. 1990. It abolished the monopoly of the Movement for the Liberation of São Tomé e Príncipe (MLSTP). The Presidentmust be over 34 years...

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