San Marino

Repubblica di San Marino (Republic of San Marino)
Reference work entry


  • Capital: San Marino

  • Population estimate, 2015: 32,000

  • GDP per capita, 2014: US$58,393

  • Internet domain extension: .sm

Civil Aviation

The nearest airport is Rimini, 10 km to the east in Italy, which had scheduled flights in 2010 to Cologne-Bonn, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Karlsruhe, Liverpool, London Stansted, Luxembourg, Münster, Munich, Nuremberg, Stuttgart, Tirana and Vienna.


Temperate climate with cold, dry winters and warm summers.

Constitution and Government

The legislative power is vested in the Great and General Council of 60 members elected every 5 years by popular vote, two of whom are appointed every 6 months to act as Captains Regent, who are the heads of state. Executive power is exercised by the ten-member Congress of State, presided over by the Captains Regent. The Council of Twelve, also presided over by the Captains Regent, is appointed by the Great and General Council to perform administrative functions.


Since 1 Jan. 2002 San Marino has been using the euro (EUR). Italy has agreed that San Marino may mint a small part of the total Italian euro coin contingent with their own motifs.


Military service is not obligatory, but all citizens between the ages of 16 and 55 can be called upon to defend the State. They may also serve as volunteers in the Military Corps. There is a military Gendarmerie.


Out of 20,530 people in employment in 2006, 6,247 worked in manufacturing and 2,901 in wholesale and retail trade. In 2006 there were 473 registered unemployed persons.


San Marino had four paid-for daily newspapers in 2008 (including one sports paper). There are also three dailies published in Italy that include pages on San Marino.


A 2010 study by the Pew Research Center’s Forum on Religion & Public Life estimated that 91.6% of the population were Roman Catholics, with 7.2% religiously unaffiliated.

Social Statistics

Births registered in 2009, 306; deaths, 233; marriages, 238; divorces, 63. Birth rate, 2009 (per 1,000 population), 9.3; death rate, 6.9. Annual population growth rate, 2000–05, 2.7%; fertility rate, 2008, 1.5 births per woman; infant mortality rate, 2010, two per 1,000 live births (one of the lowest rates in the world).


San Marino had 18,800 fixed telephone subscriptions in 2013 and 36,800 mobile phone subscriptions. In the same year an estimated 50.8% of the population were internet users.

Territory and Population

San Marino is a land-locked state in central Italy, 20 km from the Adriatic. Area is 61.19 km2 (23.6 sq. miles) and the population (June 2012), 32,368; population density, 529.0 per km2. At July 2010, 12,722 citizens lived abroad. In 2010, 94.1% of the population were urban. The capital, San Marino, has 4,236 inhabitants (June 2012); the largest town is Serravalle (10,540 in June 2012), an industrial centre in the north. The official language is Italian.


In 2007, 2.16 m. tourists visited San Marino (1.47 m. Italians and 696,000 other foreigners).

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Limited 2019

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