St Kitts and Nevis

Federation of St Kitts and Nevis
Reference work entry


  • Capital: Basseterre

  • Population estimate, 2015: 56,000

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 20,805

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.752/77

  • Internet domain extension: .kn

Civil Aviation

The main airport is the Robert Llewelyn Bradshaw International Airport (just over 3 km from Basseterre). In 2010 there were flights to Antigua, Atlanta, British Virgin Islands, Charlotte, London, Miami, Nevis (Newcastle), New York, Puerto Rico, Sint Maarten and the US Virgin Islands.


Temperature varies between 21.4–30.7 °C, with a sea breeze throughout the year and low humidity. Average annual rainfall is between 1,270 mm and 1,905 mm.

Constitution and Government

The British sovereign is the head of state, represented by a Governor-General. The 1983 constitution described the country as ‘a sovereign democratic federal state’. It allowed for a unicameral Parliament consisting of 11 elected Members (eight from St Kitts and three from Nevis), three appointed Senators and one ex officiomember. Nevis was...

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Limited 2019

Personalised recommendations