Republika y’u Rwanda (Republic of Rwanda)
Reference work entry


  • Capital: Kigali

  • Population estimate, 2015: 11.61 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 1,458

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.483/163=

  • Internet domain extension: .rw

Civil Aviation

There is an international airport at Kigali (Grégoire Kayibanda), which handled 458,807 passengers (382,766 on international flights) in 2012. A national carrier, Rwandair Express (since renamed RwandAir), began operations in 2003. In 2013 RwandAir served 16 destinations and carried 408,000 passengers (385,000 on international flights).


Despite the equatorial situation, there is a highland tropical climate. The wet seasons are from Oct. to Dec. and March to May. Highest rainfall occurs in the west, at around 70″ (1,770 mm), decreasing to 40–55″ (1,020–1,400 mm) in the central uplands and to 30″ (760 mm) in the north and east. Kigali, Jan. 67 °F (19.4 °C), July 70 °F (21.1 °C). Annual rainfall 40″ (1,000 mm).

Constitution and Government

Under the 1978 constitution the MRND was the sole political...

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