Rossiiskaya Federatsiya (Russian Federation)
Reference work entry


  • Capital: Moscow

  • Population estimate, 2015: 143.46 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 22,352

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.798/50=

  • Internet domain extension: .ru

Civil Aviation

The main international airports are at Moscow (Domodedovo, Sheremetyevo and Vnukovo) and St Petersburg (Pulkovo). The national carrier is Aeroflot International Russian Airlines (51% state-owned), which carried 11.3 m. scheduled passengers in 2010. Rossiya, S7 Airlines, Transaero and UTair also operate internationally. In 2009 scheduled airline traffic of Russian-based carriers flew 836 m. km, carrying 34,403,000 passengers (11,992,000 on international flights). The three busiest airports all serve Moscow. Domodedovo is Russia’s busiest airport in terms of passenger traffic (22,255,000 in 2010, a 19% increase on 2009).


Moscow, Jan. –9.4 °C, July 18.3 °C. Annual rainfall 630 mm. Arkhangelsk, Jan. –15 °C, July 13.9 °C. Annual rainfall 503 mm. St Petersburg, Jan. –8.3 °C, July 17.8 °C. Annual rainfall...

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