Reference work entry


  • Capital: Bucharest

  • Population estimate, 2015: 19.51 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 18,108

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.793/52=

  • Internet domain extension: .ro

Civil Aviation

Tarom (Transporturi Aeriene Române) is the 97.2% state-owned airline. In 2010 it provided domestic services and international flights to over 40 cities. The largest Romanian airline is Blue Air, a low-cost carrier founded in 2004. In 2016 it carried a record 3,590,129 passengers. Bucharest’s main airport is Henri Coandă International Airport, generally known by its former official name of Bucharest Otopeni International Airport. A second Bucharest airport, Aurel Vlaicu International, used to be the country’s second busiest airport but since early 2012 caters exclusively for business air traffic. Henri Coandă International handled 7,120,024 passengers in 2012 and 26,494 tonnes of freight.


A continental climate with an annual average temperature varying between 8 °C in the north and 11 °C in the south....

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