República Portuguesa (Republic of Portugal)
Reference work entry
  • Capital: Lisbon

  • Population estimate, 2015: 10.35 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 25,757

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.830/43

  • Internet domain extension: .pt

Civil Aviation

There are international airports at Portela (Lisbon), Pedras Rubras (Porto), Faro (Algarve) and Funchal (Madeira). The national carrier is the state-owned TAP-Air Portugal, with some domestic and international flights being provided by Portugália. In 2006 scheduled airline traffic of Portuguese-based carriers flew 171 m. km, carrying 9,449,000 passengers (6,449,000 on international flights). In 2007 Lisbon handled 13,393,000 passengers (11,249,000 on international flights) and 82,645 tonnes of freight. Faro was the second busiest in terms of passenger traffic, with 5,471,000 passengers, and Porto was the second busiest for freight, with 31,991 tonnes.


Because of westerly winds and the effect of the Gulf Stream, the climate ranges from the cool, damp Atlantic type in the north to a warmer and drier...

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© Springer Nature Limited 2019

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