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Poland

Rzeczpospolita Polska (Polish Republic)
Reference work entry

Factsheet

  • Capital: Warsaw

  • Population estimate, 2015: 38.61 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 23,177

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.843/36

  • Internet domain extension: .pl

Civil Aviation

The main international airport is at Warsaw (Frederic Chopin), with some international flights from Kraków (John Paul II Balice International), Bydgoszcz, Gdansk, Katowice, Lódz, Poznan, Rzeszów, Szczecin and Wroclaw. The national carrier is LOT-Polish Airlines (99.8% state-owned). It flew 107.7 m. km in 2011, carrying 6,491,199 passengers (5,377,869 on international flights). In 2011 Warsaw handled 9,324,635 passengers (8,253,153 on international flights) and 60,625 tonnes of freight.

Climate

Climate is continental, marked by long and severe winters. Rainfall amounts are moderate, with a marked summer maximum. Warsaw, Jan. 24 °F (–4.3 °C), July 64 °F (17.9 °C). Annual rainfall 18.3″ (465 mm). Gdansk, Jan. 29 °F (–1.7 °C), July 63 °F (17.2 °C). Annual rainfall 22.0″ (559 mm). Kraków, Jan. 27 °F (–2.8 °C), July...

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© Springer Nature Limited 2019

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