Republika ng Pilipinas (Republic of the Philippines)
Reference work entry


  • Capital: Manila

  • Population estimate, 2015: 100.70 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 7,915

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.668/115

  • Internet domain extension: .ph

Civil Aviation

There are international airports at Manila (Ninoy Aquino) and Cebu (Mactan International). In Sept. 1998 the Asian economic crisis that had started more than a year earlier forced the closure of the national carrier, Philippine Airlines, after it had suffered huge losses. However, it has since resumed its operations both internally and externally. In 2005 scheduled airline traffic of Philippine-based carriers flew 28.4 m. km, carrying 6,610,400 passengers. In 2012 Manila handled 31,878,935 passengers (17,739,000 on domestic flights) and 460,135 tonnes of freight.


Some areas have an equatorial climate while others experience tropical monsoon conditions, with a wet season extending from June to Nov. Mean temperatures are high all year, with very little variation. Manila, Jan. 77 °F (25 °C), July 82 °F...

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