República del Perú (Republic of Peru)
Reference work entry


  • Capital: Lima

  • Population estimate, 2015: 31.38 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 11,015

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.734/84

  • Internet domain extension: .pe

Civil Aviation

There is an international airport at Lima (Jorge Chávez International). The main airline is the Chilean-owned Lan Perú. The main airline is LATAM Perú, which was founded in 1998 as LAN Perú. In 2012 scheduled airline traffic of Peruvian-based carriers flew 108.4 m. km; passenger-km totalled 13.1 bn. in the same year. In 2012 Jorge Chávez International handled 13,330,290 passengers (6,901,988 on international flights) and 293,675 tonnes of freight.


There is a very wide variety of climates, ranging from tropical in the east to desert in the west, with perpetual snow in the Andes. In coastal areas, temperatures vary very little, either daily or annually, though humidity and cloudiness show considerable variation, with highest humidity from May to Sept. Little rain is experienced in that period. In the Sierra,...

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