Islami Jamhuriya e Pakistan (Islamic Republic of Pakistan)
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  • Capital: Islamabad

  • Population estimate, 2015: 188.93 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 4,866

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.538/147

  • Internet domain extension: .pk

Civil Aviation

There are international airports at Karachi, Islamabad, Lahore, Peshawar and Quetta. The national carrier is the state-owned Pakistan International Airlines, or PIA. It operates scheduled services to 46 international and 24 domestic destinations. In 2006, 88,302,000 revenue-km were flown. The revenue passengers carried totalled 5.73 m. in 2006 and revenue tonne-km came to 1,801 m. Operating revenues of the corporation stood at Rs70,587 m. in 2006 and operating expenditure at Rs79,164 m.


A weak form of tropical monsoon climate occurs over much of the country, with arid conditions in the north and west, where the wet season is only from Dec. to March. Elsewhere, rain comes mainly in the summer. Summer temperatures are high everywhere, but winters can be cold in the mountainous north. Islamabad, Jan....

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