Saltanat ‘Uman (Sultanate of Oman)
Reference work entry


  • Capital: Muscat

  • Population estimate, 2015: 4.49 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 34,858

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.793/52=

  • Internet domain extension: .om

Civil Aviation

The national airline is Oman Air, which in 2007 had 15 aircraft and served 26 destinations. Oman formerly had a 50% share in Gulf Air with Bahrain, but withdrew in May 2007. In 2009 Seeb International Airport (Muscat) handled 4,556,502 passengers (3,983,413 international) and 64,418 tonnes of freight.


Oman has a desert climate, with exceptionally hot and humid months from April to Oct., when temperatures may reach 47 °C. Light monsoon rains fall in the south from June to Sept., with highest amounts in the western highland region. Muscat, Jan. 28 °C, July 46 °C. Annual rainfall 101 mm. Salalah, Jan. 29 °C, July 32 °C. Annual rainfall 98 mm.

Constitution and Government

Oman is a hereditary absolute monarchy. The Sultan legislates by decree and appoints a Cabinet to assist him. The Basic Statute of the State...

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