Kongeriket Norge (Kingdom of Norway)
Reference work entry


  • Capital: Oslo

  • Population estimate, 2015: 5.21 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 64,992

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.944/1

  • Internet domain extension: .no

Civil Aviation

The main international airports are at Oslo (Gardermoen), Bergen (Flesland), Stavanger (Sola), Sandefjord (Torp) and Moss (Rygge). Norway’s largest airline is SAS Norge, a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Scandinavian Airlines System (SAS) Group. In 2010 Oslo (Gardermoen) handled 19,140,384 passengers (10,123,605 on international flights). Bergen is the second busiest airport for passenger traffic, with 5,189,714 passengers in 2010 (3,604,882 on domestic flights).


There is considerable variation in the climate because of the extent of latitude, the topography and the varying effectiveness of prevailing westerly winds and the Gulf Stream. Winters along the whole west coast are exceptionally mild but precipitation is considerable. Oslo, Jan. 24.3 °F (−4.3 °C), July 61.5 °F (16.4 °C). Annual rainfall 30.0″ (763...

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