República de Nicaragua (Republic of Nicaragua)
Reference work entry


  • Capital: Managua

  • Population estimate, 2015: 6.08 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 4,457

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.631/125

  • Internet domain extension: .ni

Civil Aviation

In 2013 airports in Nicaragua handled 1,206,172 passengers. The main airport, Augusto C. Sandino International Airport at Managua, handled 1,108,933 passengers in 2009 (of which 963,715 on international flights).


The climate is tropical, with a wet season from May to Jan. Temperatures vary with altitude. Managua, Jan. 81 °F (27 °C), July 81 °F (27 °C). Annual rainfall 38″ (976 mm).

Constitution and Government

A new constitution was promulgated on 9 Jan. 1987 and underwent reforms in 1995, 2000 and 2014. It provides for a unicameral 92-seat National Assemblycomprising 90 members directly elected by proportional representation for a 5-year term, together with one seat for the previous president and one seat for the runner-up in the previous presidential election. Citizens are entitled to vote at the age of...

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© Springer Nature Limited 2019

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