New Zealand

Reference work entry


  • Capital: Wellington

  • Population estimate, 2015: 4.53 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 32,689

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.913/9=

  • Internet domain extension: .nz

Civil Aviation

There are international airports at Wellington, Auckland and Christchurch, with Auckland International being the main airport. The national carrier is Air New Zealand, which was privatized in 1989 but then renationalized in 2001, although in Nov. 2013 the government reduced its stake from 73% to 53%. There were 4,499 aircraft registered in Dec. 2011. In 2011 there were 1,019,685 domestic and international aircraft movements. A total of 21,852,000 passenger-km were flown in 2010 by New Zealand-based carriers on scheduled services.


Lying in the cool temperate zone, New Zealand enjoys very mild winters for its latitude owing to its oceanic situation, and only the extreme south has cold winters. The situation of the mountain chain produces much sharper climatic contrasts between east and west than in a...

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Limited 2019

Personalised recommendations