Population estimate, 2015: 10,000
GDP per capita, 2014: US$17,857
Internet domain extension: .nr
The only airport is Nauru International Airport. The national carrier, Nauru Airlines, is a wholly-owned government subsidiary. In 2017 it flew to Brisbane, Honiara, Majuro, Nadi, Pohnpei and Tarawa.
A tropical climate, tempered by sea breezes, but with a high and irregular rainfall, averaging 82″ (2,060 mm). Average temperature, Jan. 81 °F (27.2 °C), July 82 °F (27.8 °C). Annual rainfall 75″ (1,862 mm).
Constitution and Government
A Legislative Council was inaugurated on 31 Jan. 1966. The constitution was promulgated on 29 Jan. 1968 and was amended on 17 May 1968. A 19-member Parliament (18 prior to the June 2013 election) is elected on a 3-yearly basis.
The Australian dollar is in use.
In 2010 an estimated 79.0% of the population were Christians according to the Pew Research Center’s Forum on Religion & Public Life, 8.1% folk religionists and 4.5% religiously unaffiliated.
There is a sealed road circling the island 19 km long, plus other roads running inland.
Deep offshore moorings can accommodate medium-size vessels. Shipping coming to the island consists of vessels under charter to the phosphate industry or general purpose vessels bringing cargo by way of imports.
2011 births, 370; deaths, 75. Infant deaths (2007), 12. Annual population growth rate, 1998–2008, 0.1%; fertility rate, 2008, 2.9 births per woman.
There were 6,800 main telephone lines in operation in 2012.
Territory and Population
Nauru is a coral island surrounded by a reef situated 0.32′ S. lat. and 166° 56′ E. long. Area, 21.2 km2 (8.2 sq. miles). At the 2011 census the population (provisional) totalled 10,084 (5,105 males). Population density, 476 per km2. In 2011, 94% of the population were indigenous Nauruans. The de facto capital is Yaren.