Republic of Namibia
Reference work entry


  • Capital: Windhoek

  • Population estimate, 2015: 2.46 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 9,418

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.628/126=

  • Internet domain extension: .na

Civil Aviation

The national carrier is the state-owned Air Namibia, which in 2013 carried 458,000 passengers (381,000 on international flights). In the same year it served six domestic and nine international destinations. In 2012 the major airport, Windhoek’s Hosea Kutako International, handled 814,890 passengers (764,384 on international flights). Eros is used mainly for domestic flights.


The rainfall increases steadily from less than 50 mm in the west and southwest up to 600 mm in the Caprivi Strip. The main rainy season is from Jan. to March, with lesser showers from Sept. to Dec. Namibia is the driest African country south of the Sahara.

Constitution and Government

On 9 Feb. 1990 with a unanimous vote the Constituent Assembly approved the Constitution which stipulated a multi-party republic, an independent...

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Limited 2019

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