Principauté de Monaco (Principality of Monaco)
Reference work entry


  • Capital: Monaco

  • Population estimate, 2015: 38,000

  • GDP per capita, 2014: US$187,650

  • Internet domain extension: .mc

Civil Aviation

There are helicopter flights to Nice with Heli Air Monaco and Heli Inter. Helicopter movements (2004) at the Heliport of Monaco (Fontvieille), 37,521; the number of passengers carried was 112,379. The nearest airport is at Nice in France.


A Mediterranean climate, with mild moist winters and hot dry summers. Monaco, Jan. 50 °F (10 °C), July 74 °F (23.3 °C). Annual rainfall 30″ (758 mm).

Constitution and Government

On 17 Dec. 1962 a new constitution was promulgated which maintains the hereditary monarchy. The reigning Prince is Albert II, b. 14 March 1958, son of Prince Rainier III, 1923–2005, and Grace Kelly, 1929–1982; married Charlene Wittstock on 1 and 2 July 2011. Prince Albert succeeded his father Rainier III, who died on 6 April 2005. Executive power is exercised jointly by the Prince and a five-member Council of government, headed by...

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