Republica Moldova (Republic of Moldova)
Reference work entry


  • Capital: Chişinău

  • Population estimate, 2015: 4.08 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 5,223

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.693/107

  • Internet domain extension: .md

Civil Aviation

The main Moldovan-based airline is Air Moldova, which in 2013 carried 527,000 passengers. In 2010 it flew to Athens, Bucharest, Frankfurt, İstanbul, Larnaca, Lisbon, London, Madrid, Milan, Moscow, Paris, Prague, Rome, St Petersburg, Verona and Vienna. In 2012 the airport at Chişinău handled 1,220,496 passengers (almost all on international flights) and 2,766 tonnes of cargo.


The climate is temperate, with warm summers, crisp, sunny autumns and cold winters with snow. Chişinău, Jan. –7 °C, July 20 °C. Annual rainfall 677 mm.

Constitution and Government

A declaration of republican sovereignty was adopted in June 1990 and in Aug. 1991 the republic declared itself independent. A new constitution came into effect on 27 Aug. 1994, which defines Moldova as an ‘independent, democratic and unitary state’. The 1994...

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