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Micronesia

Federated States of Micronesia
Reference work entry

Factsheet

  • Capital: Palikir

  • Population estimate, 2015: 104,000

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 3,432

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.639/107

  • Internet domain extension: .fm

Civil Aviation

There are international airports on Pohnpei, Chuuk, Yap and Kosrae. There were 12 operational airports and airfields in total in 2012. Services are provided by United Airlines. In 2013 there were international flights to Guam, Honolulu, Manila, the Marshall Islands and Palau in addition to domestic services.

Climate

Tropical, with heavy year-round rainfall, especially in the eastern islands, and occasional typhoons (June–Dec.). Kolonia, Jan. 80 °F (26.7 °C), July 79 °F (26.1 °C). Annual rainfall 194″ (4,859 mm).

Constitution and Government

Under the Constitution founded on 10 May 1979, there is an executive presidency and a 14-member National Congress, comprising ten members elected for 2-year terms from single-member constituencies of similar electorates, and four members elected one from each State for a 4-year term by proportional representation. The Federal President and Vice-President first run for the Congress before they are elected by members of Congress for a 4-year term.

Currency

US currency is used.

Labour

In 2007 just over half the labour force were government employees. In 2007, 41.7% of employees worked in public administration, 21.1% in wholesale and retail trade and repairs and 7.0% in transport, storage and communications. Agriculture, hunting, forestry and fishing accounted for 1.7% of employees. The unemployment rate was 16.2% in 2010.

Religion

The population is predominantly Christian. Yap is mainly Roman Catholic; Protestantism is prevalent elsewhere.

Roads

In 2004 there were 240 km of roads (42 km paved).

Shipping

The main ports are Kolonia (Pohnpei), Colonia (Yap), Lepukos (Chuuk), Okat and Lelu (Kosrae). In Jan. 2009 there were 11 ships of 300 GT or over registered, totalling 9,000 GT.

Social Statistics

2009 estimates: births, 2,800; deaths, 700. Rates, 2009 estimates (per 1,000 population): birth, 25; death, 6. Infant mortality rate (2010), 34 per 1,000 live births. 2013 life expectancy, 68.0 years for men and 69.9 years for women. Population growth rate, 2005–10, –0.5%; fertility rate, 2008, 3.6 births per woman.

Telecommunications

There were an estimated 38,000 mobile phone subscriptions in 2009 (343.2 per 1,000 inhabitants) and 8,700 fixed telephone lines; in the same year there were an estimated 15,350 internet users.

Territory and Population

The Federated States lie in the North Pacific Ocean between 137° and 163° E, comprising 607 islands with a total land area of 701 km2 (271 sq. miles). The 2010 census population was 102,843; density, 147 per km2. In 2011, 22.8% of the population lived in urban areas. Kosrae consists of a single island. Its main town is Lelu (2,160 inhabitants in 2010). Pohnpei comprises a single island (covering 334 km2) and eight scattered coral atolls. Kolonia (6,074 inhabitants in 2010) was the national capital until 1989. The new capital, Palikir (6,647 inhabitants in 2010), lies approximately 10 km southwest in the Palikir valley. Chuuk consists of 542 islets in a 7,190 km2 reef-fringed lagoon (36,152 inhabitants in 2010); the state also includes coral atolls (12,502 inhabitants in 2010), the most important being the Mortlock Islands. English is used in schools and is the official language. Trukese, Pohnpeian, Yapese and Kosrean are also spoken.

Tourism

In 2012 there were 38,263 foreign visitors, up from 35,378 in 2011 although down from 44,738 in 2010.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Limited 2019

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