Estados Unidos Mexicanos (United Mexican States)
Reference work entry


  • Capital: Mexico City

  • Population estimate, 2015: 127.02 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 16,056

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.756/74

  • Internet domain extension: .mx

Civil Aviation

There is an international airport at Mexico City (Benito Juárez) and 55 other international and 29 national airports. Each of the larger states has a local airline which links it with main airports. The national carrier is Aeroméxico, which was privatized in 1988. In 2012 Mexico City handled 29,491,553 passengers (19,678,042 on domestic flights). Cancún was the second busiest airport for passengers in 2012, with 14,555,184 (9,855,771 on international flights). Guadalajara handled 7,448,214 passengers (4,966,411 on domestic flights).


Latitude and relief produce a variety of climates. Arid and semi-arid conditions are found in the north, with extreme temperatures, whereas in the south there is a humid tropical climate, with temperatures varying with altitude. Conditions on the shores of the Gulf of...

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