Republic of Mauritius
Reference work entry


  • Capital: Port Louis

  • Population estimate, 2015: 1.27 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 17,470

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.777/63

  • Internet domain extension: .mu

Civil Aviation

In 2012, 2,690,869 passengers were handled at Sir Seewoosagur Ramgoolam International Airport. The national carrier is Air Mauritius, which is partly state-owned. In 2013 it carried 1,318,000 passengers (1,196,000 on international flights).


The sub-tropical climate is humid. Most rain falls in the summer. Rainfall varies between 40″ (1,000 mm) on the coast to 200″ (5,000 mm) on the central plateau, though the west coast only has 35″ (875 mm). Mauritius lies in the cyclone belt, whose season runs from Nov. to April, but is seldom affected by intense storms. Port Louis, Jan. 73 °F (22.8 °C), July 81 °F (27.2 °C). Annual rainfall 40″ (1,000 mm).

Constitution and Government

The present constitution came into effect on 12 March 1968 and was amended on 12 March 1992. The head of state is the President,...

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