Population estimate, 2015: 4.07 m.
GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 3,560
HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.506/156=
Internet domain extension: .mr
There are international airports at Nouakchott, Nouâdhibou and Néma. In 2012 scheduled airline traffic of Mauritania-based carriers flew 2.0 m. km; passenger-km totalled 160.8 m. in the same year. Mauritania Airlines International, founded in 2010, is the national flag carrier.
A tropical climate, but conditions are generally arid, even near the coast, where the only appreciable rains come in July to Sept. Nouakchott, Jan. 71 °F (21.7 °C), July 82 °F (27.8 °C). Annual rainfall 6″ (158 mm).
Constitution and Government
A referendum was held on 25 June 2006 to approve a new constitution. Turnout was 76.5%; 96.99% of votes cast were in favour. The constitution imposes a limit of two 5-year terms for a president, to be elected by popular vote. It also sets a maximum age of 75 for a president. There is a...