Al-Jumhuriyah al-Islamiyah al-Muritaniyah (Islamic Republic of Mauritania)
Reference work entry
  • Capital: Nouakchott

  • Population estimate, 2015: 4.07 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 3,560

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.506/156=

  • Internet domain extension: .mr

Civil Aviation

There are international airports at Nouakchott, Nouâdhibou and Néma. In 2012 scheduled airline traffic of Mauritania-based carriers flew 2.0 m. km; passenger-km totalled 160.8 m. in the same year. Mauritania Airlines International, founded in 2010, is the national flag carrier.


A tropical climate, but conditions are generally arid, even near the coast, where the only appreciable rains come in July to Sept. Nouakchott, Jan. 71 °F (21.7 °C), July 82 °F (27.8 °C). Annual rainfall 6″ (158 mm).

Constitution and Government

A referendum was held on 25 June 2006 to approve a new constitution. Turnout was 76.5%; 96.99% of votes cast were in favour. The constitution imposes a limit of two 5-year terms for a president, to be elected by popular vote. It also sets a maximum age of 75 for a president. There is a...

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