Divehi Raajjeyge Jumhooriyyaa (Republic of the Maldives)
Reference work entry


  • Capital: Malé

  • Population estimate, 2015: 364,000

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 12,328

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.706/104

  • Internet domain extension: .mv

Civil Aviation

The former national carrier Air Maldives collapsed in April 2000 with final losses in excess of US$50 m. The national airline is now Maldivian, which was founded in 2000 and initially operated domestic flights only. It began to serve international destinations in Asia in 2008. In 2010 there were international flights from Malé International Airport (now officially known as Velana International Airport) to Bangalore, Bangkok, Bologna, Colombo, Doha, Dubai, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Guangzhou, Kuala Lumpur, London, Milan, Moscow, Munich, Muscat, Paris, Rome, Singapore, Thiruvananthapuram and Zürich, as well as domestic services.


The islands are hot and humid, and affected by monsoons. Malé: average temperature 81 °F (27 °C), annual rainfall 59″ (1,500 mm).

Constitution and Government

The present constitution came...

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© Springer Nature Limited 2019

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