Persekutuan Tanah Malaysia (Federation of Malaysia)
Reference work entry


  • Capitals: Putrajaya (Administrative), Kuala Lumpur (Legislative and Financial)

  • Population estimate, 2015: 30.33 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 22,762

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.779/62

  • Internet domain extension: .my

Civil Aviation

There are a total of 19 airports of which five are international airports and 14 are domestic airports at which regular public air transport is operated. Malaysia Airlines, the national airline, is 52% state-owned, and operates domestic flights within Malaysia and international flights to nearly 40 different countries. A low-cost airline, AirAsia, began operations in Nov. 1996; its budget sister long-haul carrier, Air Asia X, started flying in Nov. 2007. In 2005 scheduled airline traffic of Malaysian-based carriers flew 282.7 m. km, carrying 23,026,000 passengers. In 2012 Kuala Lumpur handled 39,887,866 passengers (27,612,088 on international flights) and 702,226 tonnes of freight. Kota Kinabalu handled 5,848,135 passengers in 2012 and Penang 4,767,815.

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© Springer Nature Limited 2019

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