Lietuvos Respublika (Republic of Lithuania)
Reference work entry


  • Capital: Vilnius

  • Population estimate, 2015: 2.88 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 24,500

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.839/37=

  • Internet domain extension: .lt

Civil Aviation

The main international airport is based in the capital, Vilnius. Other international airports are at Kaunas and Palanga. FlyLAL–Lithuanian Airlines, formerly Lithuania’s largest airline, ceased operations in 2009. Air Lituanica, founded in 2013, was the national flag carrier until it ceased operations in May 2015. In 2015 a number of international airlines ran regular scheduled flights to Lithuania. Vilnius handled 1,308,065 passengers in 2009 and 4,336 tonnes of freight. Kaunas handled 456,698 passengers in 2009 and Palanga 105,195.


Vilnius, Jan. –2.8 °C, July 20.5 °C. Annual rainfall 520 mm. Klaipėda, Jan. –0.6 °C, July 19.4 °C. Annual rainfall 770 mm.

Constitution and Government

A referendum to approve a new constitution was held on 25 Oct. 1992. Parliament is the 141-member Seimas. Under a new...

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