Muso oa Lesotho (Kingdom of Lesotho)
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  • Capital: Maseru

  • Population estimate, 2015: 2.14 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 3,306

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.497/161

  • Internet domain extension: .ls

Civil Aviation

There are direct flights from Maseru’s Moshoeshoe International Airport to Johannesburg. In 2004 it handled 37,162 passengers (36,045 on international flights).


A mild and temperate climate, with variable rainfall, but averaging 29″ (725 mm) a year over most of the country. The rain falls mainly in the summer months of Oct. to April, while the winters are dry and may produce heavy frosts in lowland areas and frequent snow in the highlands. Temperatures in the lowlands range from a maximum of 90 °F (32.2 °C) in summer to a minimum of 20 °F (−6.7 °C) in winter.

Constitution and Government

Lesotho is a constitutional monarchy with the King as Head of State. Following the death of his father, Moshoeshoe II, Letsie III succeeded to the throne in Jan. 1996. The 1993 constitution provided for a National Assembly...

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