Jumhouriya al-Lubnaniya (Republic of Lebanon)
Reference work entry


  • Capital: Beirut

  • Population estimate, 2015: 5.85 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 16,509

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.769/67=

  • Internet domain extension: .lb

Civil Aviation

Beirut International Airport was served in 2010 by more than 40 airlines. It handled 5,960,414 passengers (5,913,225 on international flights) in 2012 and 84,911 tonnes of freight. The national airline is the state-owned Middle East Airlines. In 2012 scheduled airline traffic of Lebanese-based carriers flew 42.0 m. km; passenger-km totalled 4.1 bn. in the same year.


A Mediterranean climate with short, warm winters and long, hot and rainless summers, with high humidity in coastal areas. Rainfall is largely confined to the winter months and can be torrential, with snow on high ground. Beirut, Jan. 55 °F (13 °C), July 81 °F (27 °C). Annual rainfall 35.7″ (893 mm).

Constitution and Government

The first Constitution was established under the French Mandate on 23 May 1926. It has since been amended in 1927,...

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