Latvijas Republika (Republic of Latvia)
Reference work entry


  • Capital: Riga

  • Population estimate, 2015: 1.97 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 22,281

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.819/46

  • Internet domain extension: .lv

Civil Aviation

There is an international airport at Riga. A new national carrier, airBaltic, assumed control of Latavio and Baltic International Airlines in Aug. 1995 and began flying in Oct. 1995. It went on to become eastern Europe’s first low-cost airline; in 2012 it carried 3.08 m. passengers and operated scheduled services to 55 destinations. It is 99.8% state-owned, with Transaero owning the remaining 0.2%. In 2010 Riga handled 4,663,692 passengers and 12,247 tonnes of freight.


Owing to the influence of maritime factors, the climate is relatively temperate but changeable. Average temperatures in Jan. range from −2.8 °C in the western coastal town of Liepāja to −6.6 °C in the inland town of Daugavpils. The average summer temperature is 20 °C.

Constitution and Government

The Declaration of the Renewal of the...

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