Sathalanalath Pasathipatai Pasasonlao (Lao People’s Democratic Republic)
Reference work entry


  • Capital: Vientiane

  • Population estimate, 2015: 6.80 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 4,680

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.575/141

  • Internet domain extension: .la

Civil Aviation

There are three international airports at Vientiane (Wattay), Pakse and Luang Prabang. The national carrier is Lao Airlines, which in 2005 operated domestic services and international flights to Bangkok, Chiang Mai, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Kunming, Phnom Penh and Siem Reap (Cambodia). In 2006 scheduled airline traffic of Laos-based carriers flew 4 m. km, carrying 327,000 passengers (81,000 on international flights).


A tropical monsoon climate, with high temperatures throughout the year and very heavy rains from May to Oct. Vientiane, Jan. 70 °F (21.1 °C), July 81 °F (27.2 °C). Annual rainfall 69″ (1,715 mm).

Constitution and Government

In Aug. 1991 the National Assembly adopted a new constitution. The head of state is the President, elected by the National Assembly, which consists of 132 members (115...

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