Population estimate, 2015: 5.94 m.
GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 3,044
HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.655/120
Internet domain extension: .kg
There is an international airport at Bishkek (Manas). The national carrier is Air Kyrgyzstan. In 2012 scheduled airline traffic of Kyrgyz-based carriers flew 5.0 m. km; passenger-km totalled 522.9 m. in the same year.
The climate varies from dry continental to polar in the high Tien-Shan, to sub-tropical in the southwest (Fergana Valley) and temperate in the northern foothills. Bishkek, Jan. 9 °F (−13 °C), July 70 °F (21 °C). Annual rainfall 14.8″ (375 mm).
Constitution and Government
A new constitution was adopted in June 2010 after it won overwhelming support in a referendum following the ousting of the incumbent president, Kurmanbek Bakiyev, in April 2010. Under the terms of the constitution, greater power is invested in parliament at the expense of the presidency. The president is allowed to serve a...