South Korea

Daehan Minguk (Republic of Korea)
Reference work entry


  • Capital: Seoul

  • Population estimate, 2015: 50.29 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 33,890

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.898/17

  • Internet domain extension: .kr

Civil Aviation

There are six international airports in South Korea: at Seoul (Incheon), Busan (Gimhae), Daegu, Jeju, Yangyang and Cheongju. Incheon airport, 50 km to the west of Seoul and built on reclaimed land made up of four small islands, opened in March 2001 and is the largest airport in Asia. It replaced Gimpo Airport as Seoul’s International Airport; Gimpo remains open for domestic flights and is the second busiest airport with 14.3 m. passengers in 2008. Incheon handled 30.0 m. passengers in 2008, while Jeju handled 12.4 m. and Busan 7.2 m. The national carrier is Korean Air, which in June 2009 operated flights to 101 cities in 39 countries.


The country experiences continental temperate conditions. Rainfall is concentrated in the period April to Sept. and ranges from 40″ (1,020 mm) to 60″ (1,520 mm). Busan, Jan....

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