North Korea

Chosun Minchu-chui Inmin Konghwa-guk (Democratic People’s Republic of Korea)
Reference work entry


  • Capital: Pyongyang

  • Population estimate, 2015: 25.16 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: US$696

  • Internet domain extension: .kp

Civil Aviation

There is an international airport at Pyongyang (Sunan). There were flights in 2010 to Bangkok, Beijing, Shenyang and Vladivostok. The national carrier is Air Koryo.


There is a warm temperate climate, though winters can be very cold in the north. Rainfall is concentrated in the summer months. Pyongyang, Jan. 18 °F (−7.8 °C), July 75 °F (23.9 °C). Annual rainfall 37″ (916 mm).

Constitution and Government

North Korea adopted a new constitution in April 2009 that formalized songun or ‘military first’ politics as a guiding principle of state but dropped the word ‘communism’. The Constitution provides for a 687-seat Supreme People’s Assembly elected every 5 years by universal suffrage. Citizens of 17 years and over can vote and be elected. The government consists of the Administration Councildirected by the Central People’s Committee. In 1998,...

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© Springer Nature Limited 2019

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