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North Korea

Chosun Minchu-chui Inmin Konghwa-guk (Democratic People’s Republic of Korea)
Reference work entry

Factsheet

  • Capital: Pyongyang

  • Population estimate, 2015: 25.16 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: US$696

  • Internet domain extension: .kp

Civil Aviation

There is an international airport at Pyongyang (Sunan). There were flights in 2010 to Bangkok, Beijing, Shenyang and Vladivostok. The national carrier is Air Koryo.

Climate

There is a warm temperate climate, though winters can be very cold in the north. Rainfall is concentrated in the summer months. Pyongyang, Jan. 18 °F (−7.8 °C), July 75 °F (23.9 °C). Annual rainfall 37″ (916 mm).

Constitution and Government

North Korea adopted a new constitution in April 2009 that formalized songun or ‘military first’ politics as a guiding principle of state but dropped the word ‘communism’. The Constitution provides for a 687-seat Supreme People’s Assembly elected every 5 years by universal suffrage. Citizens of 17 years and over can vote and be elected. The government consists of the Administration Councildirected by the Central People’s Committee. In 1998,...

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Limited 2019

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