Ribaberikin Kiribati (Republic of Kiribati)
Reference work entry


  • Capital: Bairiki (Tarawa)

  • Population estimate, 2015: 112,000

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 2,434

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.590/137

  • Internet domain extension: .ki

Civil Aviation

The national airline is the state-owned Air Kiribati. In 2010 there were scheduled services from Tarawa (Bonriki) to Fiji as well as domestic flights linking the main islands of Kiribati.


The Line Islands, Phoenix Islands and Banaba have a maritime equatorial climate, but the islands further north and south are tropical. Annual and daily ranges of temperature are small; mean annual rainfall ranges from 50″ (1,250 mm) near the equator to 120″ (3,000 mm) in the north. Typhoons are prevalent (Nov.-March) and there are occasional tornadoes. Tarawa, Jan. 83 °F (28.3 °C), July 82 °F (27.8 °C). Annual rainfall 79″ (1,977 mm).

Constitution and Government

Under the constitution founded on 12 July 1979 the republic has a unicameral legislature, the House of Assembly(Maneaba ni Maungatabu), comprising 46...

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