Jamhuri ya Kenya (Republic of Kenya)
Reference work entry


  • Capital: Nairobi

  • Population estimate, 2015: 46.05 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2013: (PPP$) 2,762

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.548/145=

  • Internet domain extension: .ke

Civil Aviation

There are international airports at Nairobi (Jomo Kenyatta International) and Mombasa (Moi International). The national carrier, Kenya Airways, is operated under a public-private partnership with the Kenyan government owning a 29.8% share and Dutch airline KLM 26.7%. In 2013 it carried 3,693,000 passengers (2,808,000 on international flights), serving 58 international and four domestic destinations. In 2010 Jomo Kenyatta International handled 5,484,771 passengers and Moi International 1,271,078.


The climate is tropical, with wet and dry seasons, but considerable differences in altitude make for varied conditions between the hot, coastal lowlands and the plateau, where temperatures are very much cooler. Heaviest rains occur in April and May, but in some parts there is a second wet season in Nov. and Dec....

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