Al-Mamlaka Al-Urduniya Al-Hashemiyah (Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan)
Reference work entry


  • Capital: Amman

  • Population estimate, 2015: 7.60 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 11,365

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.748/80

  • Internet domain extension: .jo

Civil Aviation

The Queen Alia International airport is at Zizya, 30 km south of Amman. There are also international flights from Amman’s second airport. Queen Alia International handled 6,250,048 passengers in 2012 (6,190,911 on international flights) and 96,855 tonnes of freight. Royal Jordanian is the national carrier.


Predominantly a Mediterranean climate, with hot dry summers and cool wet winters, but in hilly parts summers are cooler and winters colder. Those areas below sea-level are very hot in summer and warm in winter. Eastern parts have a desert climate. Amman, Jan. 46 °F (7.5 °C), July 77 °F (24.9 °C). Annual rainfall 13.4″ (340.6 mm). Aqaba, Jan. 61 °F (16 °C), July 89 °F (31.5 °C). Annual rainfall 1.4″ (36.7 mm).

Constitution and Government

The Kingdom is a constitutional monarchy headed by H. M. King Abdullah...

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Limited 2019

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