Nihon (or Nippon) Koku (Land of the Rising Sun)
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  • Capital: Tokyo

  • Population estimate, 2015: 126.57 m.

  • GNI per capita, 2014: (PPP$) 36,927

  • HDI/world rank, 2014: 0.891/20

  • Internet domain extension: .jp

Civil Aviation

The main international airports are at Fukuoka, Hiroshima, Kagoshima, Nagoya, Naha, Niigata, Osaka (Kansai International), Sapporo, Sendai and two serving Tokyo—at Narita (New Tokyo International) and Haneda (Tokyo International). The principal airlines are Japan Airlines International (JAL), formed when Japan Airlines and Japan Air System merged in 2001, and All Nippon Airways. In the financial year 2008 Japanese companies carried 92.89 m. passengers on domestic services and 16.43 m. passengers on international services. In 2007 Narita handled 35,478,146 passengers (mainly on international flights) and 2,254,421 tonnes of freight (making it the 7th busiest airport in the world for freight).


The islands of Japan lie in the temperate zone, northeast of the main monsoon region of southeast Asia. The climate...

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